symposia

  • ANTARCTIC GENOMIC BIODIVERSITY SYMPOSIUM: CONTRIBUTION OF GENOMIC DATA TO ANTARCTIC AND SUBANTARCTIC BIODIVERSITY IN A CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
  • MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL EMPOWERMENT, CREATING BRIDGES BETWEEN SCIENCE AND COASTAL COMMUNITIES
  • FANs IN A CHANGING WORLD: PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES
ANTARCTIC GENOMIC BIODIVERSITY SYMPOSIUM: CONTRIBUTION OF GENOMIC DATA TO ANTARCTIC AND SUBANTARCTIC BIODIVERSITY IN A CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Description: The Antarctic continent is one of the most pristine and isolated bathymetry, climate and oceanographic and geographic barriers resulting from tectonic and climatic events that began in the Eocene. Antarctic and subantartic biota has evolved to adapt to extreme living conditions and is characterized by a high degree of endemicity. Nevertheless, the recent acceleration of climate change and anthropogenic pressures can definitely affect biodiversity Antarctica. Nevertheless, the recent acceleration of global warming increases the chances of disrupting the fragile Antarctic ecosystems and can definitely affect biodiversity Antarctic, particularly through the invasion of alien species and the loss of native biodiversity. The West Antarctic Peninsula has been described as one of the areas most affected by climate change, Thus, They have increased the potential to disrupt this fragile ecosystem. Understanding how the Antarctic biodiversity responded to past changes, It will help us to predict the fate of the Antarctic biota against anthropogenic climate change.

The recent and rapid spread of genomics-based techniques has increased in ecological and evolutionary science our ability to explore and understand historical and contemporary effects of climate change on diversification, and demographic history of Antarctic biodiversity adaptation (microorganisms including, plants, invertebrate and vertebrate species). This information will allow to understand the response and resistance of Antarctica and subantarctic biota during events and climate change, Thus, predict the fate of a single biogeographic province facing the challenges of the Anthropocene.

goals: Studies show this symposium dedicated to understanding the historical and contemporary effects of climate change on diversification, demographic history, and adaptation of Antarctic biodiversity based on genomic data. This symposium will present studies on the historical and contemporaneous effects of climate change on the diversification, demography and adaptation of the Antarctic biodiversity based on genomic data.

Funding Source: Regular project FONDECYT 1161358, Ring project Genomics Antarctic Biodiversity (GAVE), PIA CONICYT ACT172065.

coordinators: Karin Gérard, University of Magallanes (karin.gerard@umag.cl) and Elie Poulin, University of Chile (epoulin@uchile.cl)

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MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL EMPOWERMENT, CREATING BRIDGES BETWEEN SCIENCE AND COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Description:

Empowerment is a process by which an individual is endowed, community or social group of a toolkit to increase your strength, enhance your capabilities and enhance your potential, all this with the aim that you can improve your social situation, politics, economical, psychological or spiritual.

On the environmental issue, the Ministry of the Environment together with partners such as the EUROCLIMA + program, through the International and Ibero-American Foundation for Public Administration and Policies (FIIAPP), and the Inter-American Development Bank (BID), with the support of the React For Climate platform and the SIEF, Festival of Social Innovation in Chile, Action Meetings for Climate Empowerment have begun, that will allow the generation of inputs for the elaboration of the Strategy for Capacity Development and Climate Empowerment of Chile.

Action for Climate Empowerment -ACE for its acronym in English- is the agreed denomination for the article 6 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, reflected in the article 12 of the Paris Agreement, and that contemplates six interdependent and interrelated dimensions: The education, the formation, public conscience, public participation, public access to information and international cooperation. ACE is a transversal proposal in public policies that seeks to generate and articulate capacities and commitments that promote action against climate change, with the depth and urgency that this challenge requires. It considers participation as one of its articulating dimensions.

Chile has an extensive coastline where socio-ecological systems converge that day by day are exposed to different forces among which Climate Change is one of them and which, added to overexploitation, present an uncertain future.

Therefore, What do we do from science? How do we spread the importance of ecosystems and their services? What media can provide us with more support in this flow of information to the coves?, towards the shore fishermen and gatherers?

The present symposium aims to share experiences, perspectives and challenges in the empowerment of artisanal fishermen on climate change, management of fishery resources and natural heritage, multiplying awareness, valuation and conservation of the southern territories of great biodiversity and culture, that under a systemic gaze, It has no political limits and therefore requires the active participation of all actors in these territories..

Coordinator: Eduardo Burgos placeholder image, University Santo Tomas.

Secretary: Cecilia Godoy, Bordemar Foundation.

first presentation: In search of the Eureka, to better communicate through the virtual. Expositor: Javier Russo, Facilitator virtual.com

second paper: Training and dissemination of content in the 2021. Expositor: Manira Matamala Farran, Libelula.

third presentation: Science communication experiences to coastal communities. Participation, inclusion and co-creation. Expositor: Paul Gómez Canchong, COPAS SUR-AUSTRAL Oceanographic Research Center, Universidad de Concepción.

fourth paper: Looking underwater, collaborative meeting spaces, reflection and alliance. Expositor: Cecilia Godoy and Dalma Díaz, Bordemar Foundation.

fifth paper: Fishing extension, an undervalued practice with new environmental challenges. Expositor: Armando Rosson and Lorena Olmosm, Bitecma Ltda.

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FANs IN A CHANGING WORLD: PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES

Description: Harmful Algal Blooms (FAN) o Red tides correspond to a proliferation in aquatic environments of microalgae that can cause the massive death of fish and other organisms, contaminating shellfish with toxins, and alter ecosystems, in ways that humans perceive them as harmful or harmful (GEOHAB, 2001). The impacts on Man and his activities, include shellfish poisoning, that can be fatal; massive deaths of marine organisms in the natural environment and in rearing or fattening systems; alterations of coastal habitats and, thus, disturbances in social and economic systems. In Chile, different toxins associated with Paralyzing Poison have been detected (VPM), Diarrheal Poison (VDM), and Amnesic Poison of Mollusks (TO YOU), which directly affect humans in addition to a number of other lipophilic toxins. Under this scenario, and considering the non-existence of antidotes for these toxins, the lack of technologies to control blooms in the environment or their removal from shellfish, the disturbances they cause in the social and economic systems, and the lack of models that allow predicting the appearance, duration and place of occurrence of these blooms, force to strengthen prevention and one of whose sources of information are monitoring programs.

The present symposium aims to share progress and experiences, views and challenges of the FAN problem among local researchers, with a view to updating the status of the studies developed at the national level, discuss new approaches and look for questions and common points for future global change scenarios, in which these events are expected to increase their frequency to intensity at the local and global level.

Coordinator: maximum Frangopulos, GAIA Antarctic Research Center (CIGA), University of Magallanes

Secretary: José Luis Iriarte, Austral University of Chile, Pelluco Campus and IDEAL Center.

first presentation:

Expositor: Paul salgado, Fisheries Development Institute, Harmful Algae Study Center (CREAN)
Presentation title: Dinoflagellate resistance cysts in recent marine sediments and their relevance in the study of Harmful Algal Blooms (FANs) on the Chilean coast.

second paper:

Expositor: Allisson Astuya, Biotoxin Laboratory, Universidad de Concepción
Presentation title: “In vitro strategies for the study of ichthyotoxic compounds: From target to potential applications”.

third presentation:

Expositor: Jorge Mardones, Fisheries Development Institute, Harmful Algae Study Center (CREAN)
Presentation title: “Ichthyotoxic Algal blooms in Patagonia: A glass half empty ".

fourth paper:

Expositor: Oscar Espinoza, Fisheries Development Institute, Harmful Algae Study Center (CREAN)
Presentation title: “Approaches and challenges in the study of Harmful Algal Blooms and marine toxins in south-central Chile: Exploring new environments ".

fifth paper:

Expositor: Leonardo Guzman, Fisheries Development Institute, Harmful Algae Study Center (CREAN)
Presentation title: Space-time patterns in Chilean fjords of dinoflagellates Alexandrium catenella, A. ostenfeldii, Dinophysis acuminata, D. acute Y Protoceratium reticulatum Come in 2007 Y 2019.

sixth presentation:

Expositor: Marco Pinto, Graduate School Universidad Austral de Chile
Presentation title: “Harmful Algal Blooms of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia and other harmful diatoms in Magallanes ".

seventh paper:

Expositor: maximum Frangopulos, University of Magallanes, CIGA.
Presentation title: "PROFAN AND EXOPHAN: unpublished and associative work platforms in FAN for the Magallanes region ".

eighth paper:

Expositor: José Luis Iriarte, Austral University of Chile, IDEAL Center
Presentation title: Atmosphere-ocean coupling and its connection ( or not) with the development of FAN in Patagonia.

ninth paper:

Expositor: Javier Paredes, Fisheries Development Institute, Harmful Algae Study Center (CREAN)
Presentation title: Environmental heterogeneity and its influence on the dynamics of the Chilean toxic assembly of the genera Alexandrium, Dinophysis Y Protoceratium

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